Free SMS app is being used by lot of users via Android mobile phones because a person only requires an internet connection for it. But, here you can come to know about the method of sending free SMS from your computer.

pc to mobile

Let’s have a glance at the features of this app for PC:

You do not have to pay anything to get SMS packs as they are available for free.

You can send SMS via Android phones for free!

The app of Free SMS India can be used on Android phone for free through which you can send free SMS to anyone around India. The user interface of this app is so simple that even a kid can operate it.

Only a working GPRS connection is required for it. Only a few Kb of data will be used to optimize the application. Following service providers have become the gateway for Free SMS India app:

  • Way2SMS
  • FullonSMS
  • 160by2
  • SMS440
  • IndyaRocks
  • YouMint
  • Ultoo
  • FreeSMS8

So, if you are waiting to install this SMS app on your PC then, follow the steps for installation on your Windows or Mac PC.

An Android emulator is required to be installed on your PC prior to installing Free SMS app. The BlueStacks Android emulator will be suitable enough to download and run.

Steps to download and run BlueStacks on PC:

  1. Visit
  2. Download> BlueStacks
  3. Double click> .exe file> follow instructions

Once it is been installed on your PC or laptop, you can install Free SMS app.

Steps to download and run free SMS app on PC:

  1. Open BlueStacks> free SMS app> messenger.
  2. Click> free SMS app
  3. Free SMS app will be downloaded and installed.

Now you can freely use this app on your computer or on your Mac and send free SMS.

You can give your feedback and reviews about using free SMS app.

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Relation of Diagnosis and Brain Injury Treatment

The brain injury diagnosis includes many things like magnetic resonance imaging, computer assisted tomography scans, simple tests, x-rays, etc. for measuring movement, person’s speech, memory, etc. The neurologists, emergency room doctors and neuropsychologists diagnose a brain injury of a patient. The proper course of brain injury treatment is determined when the tests are used for diagnosing an injury. Usually medicines and surgical methods are used more for treatment. Treatment directly focuses on lost abilities of a patient, once the patient becomes stable. Brain injury treatment is a very complex task as there is no guarantee that the patient will live for longer period in case of severe injury. For this injurious treatment, it involves psychiatrists, neurologists, physiatrists, case managers, therapists, etc.


Sometimes the doctor prescribes to have medication as brain injury patients can have seizures. Both types of injuries like mild and severe can involve medication. The reason to do a medication is some patients have injured tissue of the brain which can swell and can lead to more complications and hence, doctors forcefully send the brain injury patients for medication. The different types of medications are diuretics, anticonvulsants, barbiturates, ventricular drain, ventilator, etc. These all medications are used for different kind of difficulties which arise during brain injury.

Another Kind of Brain Injury Treatment

The other kind of brain injury treatment is doing therapy. Some patients forget how to walk and talk and need to relearn all the main skills and for this kind of patient, therapy is needed. However, there are various types of therapy for severe and mild brain injury. If the skull is fractured, therapy is required. Hence, it is checked what part of the brain is injured and then, surgery is done. If there is mild injury, some of the home treatment options can cure the injury. However, during treatment it is necessary to take complete bed rest without doing any heavy work as the injury may increase.

Aim of Brain Injury Treatment

The main aim of brain injury treatment is to cure the injury caused to the brain, stop bleeding, removing blood clots, pressure control, preventing pressure within the skull, sustaining ample flow of blood to the brain, etc. The treatment differs according to the type of injury a patient has. However, there are some common treatments which are used for both mild and severe brain injuries. The first common treatment given to patients is positioning the bed and keeping the neck straight as this will decrease the intracranial pressure and allows to drain the cerebro-spinal fluid from the brain. It is necessary to strictly follow it unless and until the nurse give permission to change the position of the head of the bed. Another brain injury treatment is restricting fluids as it will reduce the swelling in the brain. When nurse allows to give fluid then, patient can take fluid after the swelling is completely gone from the brain.

Different Types of Surgeries during Brain Injury Treatment

There are different types of surgeries done during brain injury treatment. The surgeries are burr holes, craniotomy and bone flap removal. This surgery is normally done when there is fracture in a skull or it is a severe brain injury. Burr holes are done to take out the blood clots and so a small hole is made in the skull. Craniotomy is done to relieve from the pressure and in bone flap removal, a small bone is taken out from the skull.


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However, when this mechanism does not work, Kidney stones are formed. They are formed when the deposits of calcium and acid salts, other waste material and dead cells aggregate and form a mass. This mass then lodges itself in urinary tract. Most common composition if the stone is a combination of Calcium and a phosphate or oxalate.

The kidney stone patients show no symptoms, in the initial stages of the condition. The ailment starts with the miniscule crystals starting to form. These are tiny enough for the body to excrete through urine, so that they are not even noticed. However, as the stone becomes sizable, it cannot travel through the urinary tract easily and does not get excreted through urine. The kidney stone symptoms are felt as abdominal pains, vomiting and nausea. However, since the stone is lodged in the kidneys or in the urinary tract, the symptoms are most pronounced on the urinary tract. The pain need not necessarily be in the area that the stone has lodged itself.

The women who suffer from kidney stones suffer from very painful abdominal pain during menstruation and may persist even after it. The cause of this could be serious infection of urinary tract. Another reason for this ailment in women is that most women especially after their pregnancy start taking calcium supplements. It is important to consult a physician before starting on the calcium supplements. If needed, natural sources of calcium should be preferred first.

Effects of ailment on Urinary tract

Kidney Stone symptoms show as changed colour of urine. The patient passes pinkish urine, which is urine with traces of blood in it. This happens as the body is trying to push the stone out, but cannot do so because of the size of the stone is bigger than what can be accommodated in the tract.

As time progresses, there is a constant urge to urinate. Urine may be cloudy and emanate bad odour. These kidney stone symptoms combined with chills and fever, is indicative of urinary tract infection. Even after it is treated, the infection may recur till the kidney stones are treated. A kidney stone patient is prone to constant infections and inflammation of the urinary tract.

Abdominal Pains

The Kidney Stone symptoms start with a dull pain and general discomfort in the abdomen. Unless treated immediately, the pain spreads to the lower abdomen and the groin area and then it can be excruciating painful. The patient may double up in pain. The pain gets worse with movement of the body. Ureter is a set of hollow tubes through which the urine passes. If the stone is lodged it, the pain is a pulsating and is intolerable. It is the highest intensity of pain that a person can feel, and may cause the patient to pass out.

Other Kidney Stone symptoms

Other Kidney Stone symptoms are nausea and vomiting, as will happen when the body is trying but is not able to excrete waste material. The patient sweats profusely at all times and feels dullness and tires easily.

Prevention better than cure

Kidney Stone symptoms in the early stages are not pronounced and hence early detection of kidney stones is very difficult if not impossible. Also as the pain starts as general discomfort that is often dismissed as a temporary ailment like gases or indigestion. This ailment is completely preventable and it is important to drink plenty of fluids and follow a healthy lifestyle so that kidney stones are not formed. Kidney stones may be fatal unless treated in time. It is very important that at the first instance of discomfort, the patient must consult a physician.

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Generally, urine has some chemicals which prevent the formation of crystals. These chemicals do not work in every individual’s body, thus some people get stones. The extent of the kidney stones depends on their size. If the crystals are small or tiny, they will pass through urinary tract and get eliminated out of the body with urine.

Kidney stones have combination of various chemicals. The majority of the stones contain calcium along with either phosphate or oxalate. These chemicals or inhibitors are included in the normal diet of the person and forms various vital body parts such as muscles and bones. Very often the stones are caused due to the infection or some problem in the urinary tract. This condition of kidney stone is called as infection stone or struvite. Uric acid stones are also observed in some cases but cystine stones are very rarely found. The condition in which stones that takes place in urinary tract is called as Urolithiasis. Most often used terms are nephrolithiasis and urinary tract stones. To make it simple, kidney stone is the term which is used commonly.

Kidney stones symptoms:

Kidney stones symptoms are not found usually. However, the first remarkable symptom of kidney stone is unbearable pain. Pain begins when the stones travel to the urinary tract and blocks the urine flow. Typically, an individual feel a cramp at the back side of the kidney or at the lower abdomen region. Vomiting and nausea are the common kidney stones symptoms. Later, pain could be felt in the groin.

If the size of the stone is large to pass, pain increases because the muscles of the ureter keep on trying to press the stone inside the bladder. When the stone moves in the upward direction, body pushes it down due to which blood appears in the urine and pink colored urine is observed. As the stones goes in the downward direction near the bladder, an individual may feel like urinating often or burning sensation can occur while urination.

If chills and fever is occurred along with these symptoms, this is an indication of an infection. At this time one should visit a doctor immediately.

Diagnosis of the kidney stones:

Some “silent stones” are observed during general routine tests; they do not show any symptoms but are found on x-ray. Small sized stones can pass through urine unnoticed. When any individual complains about the blood in urine or extreme pain, he/she is allowed to have an ultrasound or x-ray test. With the help of such diagnosis doctor will get the enough information related to size and position of the stone. CT scan or IVP tests are also performed for the determination of proper kidney stones treatment.

Treatment for kidney stones:

Kidney stones treatment does not require surgery. With the plenty of water, most of the stones pass easily through urine. During this process one can also stay at home. Drinking fluids with appropriate medication for pain is needed. Usually passed stones in the urine are stored for the further tests.

Doctors generally recommend medications that prevent uric acid and calcium stones. These medicines help in balancing the concentration of alkali or acid in the urine which are considered as key factors for the formation of crystals. Allopurinol named medicine is useful in cases of hyperuricosuria. With certain diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide calcium stones can be prevented. Consumption of these medicines declines the concentration of released calcium in the urine by the kidneys. They are the best when sodium consumption is low.

Patients suffering from hypercalciuria are provided with the sodium cellulose phosphate, which helps in binding calcium and stops from releasing into urine. If cystine stones are not controlled by having more fluids, proper medicines should be taken as Cuprimine and Thiola with the permission of the doctor. It helps in reducing the amount of cystine into the urine. If you want to remove the struvite stones totally, then it is necessary to keep urine bacteria free which can lead to infection. Thus it is required to check the patient’s urine to ensure the bacteria free urine. Kidney stones treatment is most important to get rid of the disease.


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