Relation of Diagnosis and Brain Injury Treatment
The brain injury diagnosis includes many things like magnetic resonance imaging, computer assisted tomography scans, simple tests, x-rays, etc. for measuring movement, person’s speech, memory, etc. The neurologists, emergency room doctors and neuropsychologists diagnose a brain injury of a patient. The proper course of brain injury treatment is determined when the tests are used for diagnosing an injury. Usually medicines and surgical methods are used more for treatment. Treatment directly focuses on lost abilities of a patient, once the patient becomes stable. Brain injury treatment is a very complex task as there is no guarantee that the patient will live for longer period in case of severe injury. For this injurious treatment, it involves psychiatrists, neurologists, physiatrists, case managers, therapists, etc.
Sometimes the doctor prescribes to have medication as brain injury patients can have seizures. Both types of injuries like mild and severe can involve medication. The reason to do a medication is some patients have injured tissue of the brain which can swell and can lead to more complications and hence, doctors forcefully send the brain injury patients for medication. The different types of medications are diuretics, anticonvulsants, barbiturates, ventricular drain, ventilator, etc. These all medications are used for different kind of difficulties which arise during brain injury.
Another Kind of Brain Injury Treatment
The other kind of brain injury treatment is doing therapy. Some patients forget how to walk and talk and need to relearn all the main skills and for this kind of patient, therapy is needed. However, there are various types of therapy for severe and mild brain injury. If the skull is fractured, therapy is required. Hence, it is checked what part of the brain is injured and then, surgery is done. If there is mild injury, some of the home treatment options can cure the injury. However, during treatment it is necessary to take complete bed rest without doing any heavy work as the injury may increase.
Aim of Brain Injury Treatment
The main aim of brain injury treatment is to cure the injury caused to the brain, stop bleeding, removing blood clots, pressure control, preventing pressure within the skull, sustaining ample flow of blood to the brain, etc. The treatment differs according to the type of injury a patient has. However, there are some common treatments which are used for both mild and severe brain injuries. The first common treatment given to patients is positioning the bed and keeping the neck straight as this will decrease the intracranial pressure and allows to drain the cerebro-spinal fluid from the brain. It is necessary to strictly follow it unless and until the nurse give permission to change the position of the head of the bed. Another brain injury treatment is restricting fluids as it will reduce the swelling in the brain. When nurse allows to give fluid then, patient can take fluid after the swelling is completely gone from the brain.
Different Types of Surgeries during Brain Injury Treatment
There are different types of surgeries done during brain injury treatment. The surgeries are burr holes, craniotomy and bone flap removal. This surgery is normally done when there is fracture in a skull or it is a severe brain injury. Burr holes are done to take out the blood clots and so a small hole is made in the skull. Craniotomy is done to relieve from the pressure and in bone flap removal, a small bone is taken out from the skull.